Although there are records of Armenians in the New World dating back to 1617, the era of the Jamestown Colony, immigration to the United States began in earnest in the late nineteenth century and increased following the Hamidian Massacres of 1894–1896 and those of 1915. Many Armenians who arrived during this period settled in the Northeast, especially near Boston. Although proud of their ancestry, they began immediately to adapt to their new home, founding compatriot organizations with fellow Armenians and establishing presses to publish in their native language. Throughout the Diaspora, Armenians frequently produced almanacs and yearbooks that included events, biographical information, society and literary news, and advertisements on behalf of the businesses they opened. This 1913 cover of The Armenian American Yearbook combines symbols from their ancestral country with the symbol par excellence of their new homeland, the flag of the United States.