As the presidential campaign of 1800 shifted into high gear, the public was rattled by a slave insurrection in Virginia led by Gabriel (1775–1800), an educated slave. Inspired by the ideals of freedom asserted during the American Revolution, Gabriel planned to attack Richmond on August 30, 1800, and massacre opponents of black liberty. He also intended to make himself king of a new black nation. Slaves who revealed the plans and bad weather hampered the rebellion, which was ended by the state militia called out by Virginia Governor James Monroe. In this letter, Monroe seeks the advice of his mentor, presidential candidate, Thomas Jefferson, regarding punishment of the rebel leaders.