After eight years of war, the Treaty of Paris in 1783 recognized the independence of the United States and awarded it an enormous territory stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River. However, the 1783 treaty created difficulties as well as opportunities for the new nation.
While American patriots celebrated, Americans loyal to the British government and slaves seeking freedom left with the British military forces. Britain’s Native American allies refused to surrender, and potentially hostile Spanish colonies became the southern and western neighbors of the United States. Prosperity remained elusive. Americans could determine their own destiny but the course of that destiny was uncertain.
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