In his retreat from Petersburg, Virginia, Lee had hoped to make a final stand in North Carolina, but Federal cavalry destroyed supply depots along his route. Then, on April 6, at Saylors Creek, Federal troops surrounded and captured nearly a quarter of Lees remaining forces. The inevitable end came on April 9 in the town of Appomattox Court House, where, in the historic meeting at the McLean House, Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant. Although several more battles took place after Lees surrender, as the news spread, the other Confederate commanders decided to lay down their own arms. On May 10, President Andrew Johnson declared all hostilities at an end.