In 1913 the NAACP persuaded New York State to sponsor a Negro Exposition in celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. W.E.B. Du Bois wrote and directed a historical pageant, “The Star of Ethiopia,” which nearly 30,000 people attended. The NAACP board approved the reprinting of several articles as pamphlets to generate additional publicity and revenue. Jane Addams (1860–1935), the founder of Chicago’s Hull House settlement, offered this fervent appeal. Her father, John Addams, a Quaker businessman, had befriended Abraham Lincoln when both served in the Illinois State Legislature.