The NAACP was historically tied to South Africa in 1912, with the founding of the African National Congress (ANC). The ANC based its charter on the NAACP’s charter. W.E.B. Du Bois and Roy Wilkins sustained the NAACP’s interest in South African apartheid through the 1970s. In 1985 Benjamin Hooks designated October 5 as a National Day of Mourning to publicize the killing of over 700 people in South Africa in less than 13 months. He led 10,000 marchers down New York’s Fifth Avenue to St. Patrick’s Cathedral for an ecumenical prayer service. More than four hundred NAACP branches held concurrent activities. This pamphlet recounts the NAACP’s efforts to bring racial justice to South Africa.