In 1965 the NAACP Legal Defense Fund filed a lawsuit on behalf of black families to integrate the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system in North Carolina. The Fourth Circuit Court ruled in favor of the school board. The case was filed again in 1968, after the Supreme Court ruled in Green v. County School Board, reaffirming the Brown mandate. This time federal Judge James McMillian ordered the school district to submit a busing plan. The Supreme Court upheld his use of busing as a method to achieve school desegregation in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg (1971). The NAACP supported Swann with legal action and, as this letter illustrates, was intensely critical of President Nixon’s opposition to busing.