Moses ben Maimon (1135–1204), better known as Maimonides, twelfth-century Jewish philosopher, theologian, and physician was a towering figure in Judaism. Born in Cordoba, Spain, he moved with his family to Fez, Morocco, to escape persecution.
After settling in Cairo, he became the personal physician to the sultan and his family. His widely influential works, written mostly in Arabic, were translated into Hebrew, Latin, and other languages. This edition of Maimonides’s Mishnah Torah, the first comprehensive code of Jewish Law, is opened to the colophon. It is dedicated to the memory of Abraham Athias, father and grandfather of the publishers Joseph and Immanuel Athias, who was burned at the stake in the city of Cordoba—the birthplace of Maimonides—“for the sanctification of God’s name,” only thirty-five years before the date of publication of this volume.