Safed, home to the first printing press in the Land of Israel (see previous item), was also home to the second attempt at printing almost two and a half centuries later. In 1832, Israel Bak, an immigrant from Berdichev in the Ukraine, opened a Hebrew press in Safed, printing first a prayer book and then the Book of Leviticus exhibited here. Since Leviticus was traditionally used to teach children to read, perhaps this book was intended for the school-room. Bak’s printing press was as short-lived as his predecessor’s. In January 1837, an earthquake destroyed Safed, sending Bak first to a small mountain town further north and then, in 1841, to Jerusalem, where he printed more than 100 books over the next three decades.